Tag: CMOS

 

What CMOS Settings Wrong, CMOS date/Time Not Set?

The CMOS Settings Wrong, CMOS Date/Time Not Set are telling you the date on the device is not set.

What CMOS Settings Wrong, CMOS date/Time Not Set?
what is CMOS? CMOS is Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor or CMOS RAM, Non-Volatile RAM (NVRAM), Non-Volatile BIOS memory: Most CMOS batteries will last the lifetime of a motherboard, up to 10 years in most cases.

1- It’s possible if the device was a long time without power and the CMOS battery is drained out or either the CMOS battery is dead.

1- Solution A – if the CMOS battery is not dead you connect to power and set the date and time and let the device charge that battery. If after a long time you can remove the power cable and reconnect it. If you restart the device and do you still seeing the same message about “CMOS Settings Wrong”: Definitely the CMOS battery is dead!
2- Solution B – You will replace the CMOS battery; you search by brand and model and buy a new battery.

BIOS

BIOS, Basis Input/Output System. All hardware requires a software to run allowing the communication of the caractheristics of the hardware, such as its unique features, memory location, and input/ouput setting, to enable communication between the motherboard and CPU, hard disk drives, optical drives, keyboards, and other peripherals.

During the start-up process, however, the information about hardware is provided by a microchip on the motherboard called BIOS.

A BIOS is known as firmware is a software that is hard-coded into hardware but can be modified. You can download the new BIOS software from the motherboard vendor.

When you start a computer, the BIOS initializes the main hardware components and tests the system before selecting a hard disk to boot from and loading the operating system for example Windows, Mac, Unix or Linux and etc. The process of initializing the main hardware components and testing the system is POST. A POST is Power-On-Selft-Test.

BIOSThe steps that occur during a POST are:

  1. The BIOS is initialized and checked
  2. The CPU registers are verified
  3. The size of main memory, RAM, is verified and, optionally, RAM integrity is checked.
  4. The system devices are detected and initialized.
  5. The boot device with the highest priority is selected and its master boot record or MBR is executed.

When a computer performs a POST, it displays a summary screen. This screen varies depending on the BIOS or motherboard manufacturer, but it identifies the BIOS version and the date.

CMOSThis summary screen must gives the option to enter to the CMOS setup utility.

CMOS is a Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor is a microchip used by the BIOS. It stores variable system setting, such as the date and time, CPU speed and the bus settings. The BIOS accesses these settings when a computer is started, to obtain specific configuration information about the computer’s hardware.

The CMOS setup utility allows view statistics or change certain settings on the CMOS like RAM, internal and external media, power usage, system fan and CPU.